The Saxophone also commonly known as the “Sax” is a woodwind instrument made from brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece. One could already see a controversy and perhaps question why the saxophones are made from brass but categorized as a woodwind instrument; well, the reason is quite simple. They are categorized as woodwind instruments because the sound is produced by an oscillating reed that was traditionally and still is made from woody cane or bamboo.
The saxophone is used in classical music (such as concert bands, chamber music, solo repertoire, and occasionally orchestras), military bands, marching bands, jazz( such as big band and jazz combos), and contemporary music. It is also used as a solo or melody instrument or as a member of the horn section.
So, Who invented the Saxophone?
The saxophone was invented by a single individual, Adolphe Sax (1814 – 1894) who was a music instrument designer born in Belgium. Adolphe could play many wind instruments and his attempt to combine the best qualities of woodwind instruments with the best qualities of brass instruments led to the birth of the Saxophone in the 1840s, an invention that was later patented in Paris in the year 1846.